Common Ideological Roots of Speciesism and Generalized Ethnic Prejudice: The Social Dominance Human-Animal Relations Model (SD-HARM)

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10142/620537
Title:
Common Ideological Roots of Speciesism and Generalized Ethnic Prejudice: The Social Dominance Human-Animal Relations Model (SD-HARM)
Authors:
Dhont, Kristof; Hodson, Gordon; Leite, Ana C.
Abstract:
Recent research and theorizing suggest that desires for group-based dominance underpin biases towards both human outgroups and (non-human) animals. A systematic study of the common ideological roots of human-human and human-animal biases is, however, lacking. Three studies (in Belgium, UK, and USA) tested the Social Dominance Human-Animal Relations Model (SD-HARM) proposing that Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) is a key factor responsible for the significant positive association between ethnic outgroup attitudes and speciesist attitudes towards animals, even after accounting for other ideological variables (that possibly confound previous findings). Confirming our hypotheses, the results consistently demonstrated that SDO, more than right-wing authoritarianism (RWA), is a key factor connecting ethnic prejudice and speciesist attitudes. Furthermore, Studies 2 and 3 showed that both SDO and RWA are significantly related to perceived threat posed by vegetarianism (i.e., ideologies and diets minimizing harm to animals), but with SDO playing a focal role in explaining the positive association between threat perceptions and ethnic prejudice. Study 3 replicated this pattern, additionally including political conservatism in the model, itself a significant correlate of speciesism. Finally, a meta-analytic integration across studies provided robust support for SD-HARM and offers important insights into the psychological parallels between human intergroup and human-animal relations.
Affiliation:
School of Psychology, University of Kent, UK; Department of Psychology, Brock University, Canada; Department of Psychology, University of Roehampton, UK
Citation:
Common Ideological Roots of Speciesism and Generalized Ethnic Prejudice: The Social Dominance Human-Animal Relations Model (SD-HARM) 2016 European Journal of Personality
Publisher:
Wiley
Journal:
European Journal of Personality
Issue Date:
2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10142/620537
DOI:
10.1002/per.2069
Additional Links:
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/per.2069
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
Accepted Date: 30/08/2016; Version: Author Manuscript / Post-Print; Exceptions: None. © 2016, European Journal of Personality. This is an author produced version of a paper published in/accepted for publication in European Association of Personality Psychology uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self- archiving policy. The final published version (version of record) is available online via Wiley Online Library at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/per.2069/abstract. Some minor differences between this version and the final published version may remain. We suggest you refer to the final published version should you wish to cite from it.
ISSN:
08902070
Appears in Collections:
Department of Psychology Collection

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorDhont, Kristofen
dc.contributor.authorHodson, Gordonen
dc.contributor.authorLeite, Ana C.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-19T10:44:28Z-
dc.date.available2016-10-19T10:44:28Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationCommon Ideological Roots of Speciesism and Generalized Ethnic Prejudice: The Social Dominance Human-Animal Relations Model (SD-HARM) 2016 European Journal of Personalityen
dc.identifier.issn08902070-
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/per.2069-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10142/620537-
dc.descriptionAccepted Date: 30/08/2016; Version: Author Manuscript / Post-Print; Exceptions: None. © 2016, European Journal of Personality. This is an author produced version of a paper published in/accepted for publication in European Association of Personality Psychology uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self- archiving policy. The final published version (version of record) is available online via Wiley Online Library at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/per.2069/abstract. Some minor differences between this version and the final published version may remain. We suggest you refer to the final published version should you wish to cite from it.en
dc.description.abstractRecent research and theorizing suggest that desires for group-based dominance underpin biases towards both human outgroups and (non-human) animals. A systematic study of the common ideological roots of human-human and human-animal biases is, however, lacking. Three studies (in Belgium, UK, and USA) tested the Social Dominance Human-Animal Relations Model (SD-HARM) proposing that Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) is a key factor responsible for the significant positive association between ethnic outgroup attitudes and speciesist attitudes towards animals, even after accounting for other ideological variables (that possibly confound previous findings). Confirming our hypotheses, the results consistently demonstrated that SDO, more than right-wing authoritarianism (RWA), is a key factor connecting ethnic prejudice and speciesist attitudes. Furthermore, Studies 2 and 3 showed that both SDO and RWA are significantly related to perceived threat posed by vegetarianism (i.e., ideologies and diets minimizing harm to animals), but with SDO playing a focal role in explaining the positive association between threat perceptions and ethnic prejudice. Study 3 replicated this pattern, additionally including political conservatism in the model, itself a significant correlate of speciesism. Finally, a meta-analytic integration across studies provided robust support for SD-HARM and offers important insights into the psychological parallels between human intergroup and human-animal relations.en
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dc.description.provenanceApproved for entry into archive by Camilla Griffiths (camilla.griffiths@roehampton.ac.uk) on 2016-10-19T10:44:28Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 3 license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) license_rdf: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) Dhont Hodson Leite_accepted version EJP.pdf: 374468 bytes, checksum: d4765dfe8b02f37fa26d49b93aebb37e (MD5)en
dc.description.provenanceMade available in DSpace on 2016-10-19T10:44:28Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 3 license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) license_rdf: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) Dhont Hodson Leite_accepted version EJP.pdf: 374468 bytes, checksum: d4765dfe8b02f37fa26d49b93aebb37e (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWileyen
dc.relation.urlhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/per.2069en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to European Journal of Personalityen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/*
dc.titleCommon Ideological Roots of Speciesism and Generalized Ethnic Prejudice: The Social Dominance Human-Animal Relations Model (SD-HARM)en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Psychology, University of Kent, UK; Department of Psychology, Brock University, Canada; Department of Psychology, University of Roehampton, UKen
dc.identifier.journalEuropean Journal of Personalityen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Psychology; University of Kent; UK-
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychology; Brock University; Canada-
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychology; University of Roehampton; UK-
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