Personality and Parental Bonding in Stress Reactivity and Chronic Stress

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10142/609158
Title:
Personality and Parental Bonding in Stress Reactivity and Chronic Stress
Authors:
Orekhova, Elizabet
Abstract:
Background: The main aim of the present research was to investigate the individual differences in personality, parental bonding, and stress reactivity in order to explain the underlying mechanisms that may sustain chronic stress. In light of the central role of both personal and social factors in shaping one’s experiences as identified by the previous literature, the present study sought to investigate how these aspects interrelate within the framework of chronic stress. It was hypothesised that chronic stress may be the result of maladaptive patterns of interaction between personal and social dispositions in stress processing. Method: The participants included a student and a community sample. Levels of chronic stress, stress reactivity, personality traits, and parental bonding experiences were assessed through self-reported questionnaires. Hypotheses: There were three models of chronic stress conceptualised and tested – general, social, and achievement. The defining features of the general model included parental bonding (affection and control) and personality dispositions. Affection in parental bonding, agreeableness, extraversion, and emotional stability comprised the social model of chronic stress. On the other hand, controlling bonding, extraversion, emotional stability, and conscientiousness were the defining elements of the achievement model of chronic stress. Interaction effects and structural pathways were examined for each of the models through regression analyses and structural equation modelling. Results: The findings included significant interaction effects among the variables of parental bonding and personality as well as idiosyncratic pathway structures for each model. The results were discussed with regard to clinical implications. Discussion: It was concluded that an effective direction for therapeutic work with regard to chronic stress would target stress reactivity by addressing the mismatch between personal and social dispositions. These individual dispositions suggested several focal points for more precise and effective therapeutic interventions.
Advisors:
Vos, Joel; Edelman, Robert
Publisher:
Roehampton University
Issue Date:
2014
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10142/609158
Type:
Thesis or dissertation
Language:
en
Description:
PsychD
Appears in Collections:
PhD Theses

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.advisorVos, Joelen
dc.contributor.advisorEdelman, Roberten
dc.contributor.authorOrekhova, Elizabeten
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-12T11:29:24Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-12T11:29:24Zen
dc.date.issued2014en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10142/609158en
dc.descriptionPsychDen
dc.description.abstractBackground: The main aim of the present research was to investigate the individual differences in personality, parental bonding, and stress reactivity in order to explain the underlying mechanisms that may sustain chronic stress. In light of the central role of both personal and social factors in shaping one’s experiences as identified by the previous literature, the present study sought to investigate how these aspects interrelate within the framework of chronic stress. It was hypothesised that chronic stress may be the result of maladaptive patterns of interaction between personal and social dispositions in stress processing. Method: The participants included a student and a community sample. Levels of chronic stress, stress reactivity, personality traits, and parental bonding experiences were assessed through self-reported questionnaires. Hypotheses: There were three models of chronic stress conceptualised and tested – general, social, and achievement. The defining features of the general model included parental bonding (affection and control) and personality dispositions. Affection in parental bonding, agreeableness, extraversion, and emotional stability comprised the social model of chronic stress. On the other hand, controlling bonding, extraversion, emotional stability, and conscientiousness were the defining elements of the achievement model of chronic stress. Interaction effects and structural pathways were examined for each of the models through regression analyses and structural equation modelling. Results: The findings included significant interaction effects among the variables of parental bonding and personality as well as idiosyncratic pathway structures for each model. The results were discussed with regard to clinical implications. Discussion: It was concluded that an effective direction for therapeutic work with regard to chronic stress would target stress reactivity by addressing the mismatch between personal and social dispositions. These individual dispositions suggested several focal points for more precise and effective therapeutic interventions.en
dc.description.provenanceSubmitted by Anne Pietsch (a.pietsch@roehampton.ac.uk) on 2016-05-12T11:27:06Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Orekhova Elizabet.pdf: 893984 bytes, checksum: 102899e551c76a44ca1ab046bc01113f (MD5)en
dc.description.provenanceApproved for entry into archive by Anne Pietsch (a.pietsch@roehampton.ac.uk) on 2016-05-12T11:29:22Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Orekhova Elizabet.pdf: 893984 bytes, checksum: 102899e551c76a44ca1ab046bc01113f (MD5)en
dc.description.provenanceMade available in DSpace on 2016-05-12T11:29:24Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Orekhova Elizabet.pdf: 893984 bytes, checksum: 102899e551c76a44ca1ab046bc01113f (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherRoehampton Universityen
dc.titlePersonality and Parental Bonding in Stress Reactivity and Chronic Stressen
dc.typeThesis or dissertationen
dc.publisher.departmentDepartment of Psychologyen
dc.rights.embargodate2016-10-22en
dc.type.qualificationnamePhDen
dc.rights.embargoreasonA 24 month embargo from the date of submission was requested by the student.en
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen
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